9 JUNE - 19 JULY
13 JUNE, 4:30 p.m.
Tina Keng Gallery 1F, No.15, Ln. 548, Ruiguang Rd., Neihu Dist., Taipei 114, Taiwan
Tina Keng Gallery is pleased to present Chen Chun-Hao: Meandering Toward the Clouds. The solo exhibition showcases a series of new works featuring Chen’s unique mosquito nail shanshui. Employing industrial nails as a prominent medium, Chen has developed over the years a complex dialogue between the technique of traditional ink paintings and an emphasis on materiality. On his canvas, planes are composed by an intense formation of dots and lines, capturing a vivid interplay of light and shadow that successfully translates classical ink art into a contemporary sensibility of presence and immediacy.
Meandering Toward the Cloudschronicles Chen’s psychological ups and downs over the past year at a critical moment as he turned 50. As the occasion celebrates a culmination of a decade-long journey where Chen has dedicated his artistic energy to paying homage to the tradition of emulation while generating new possibilities for his now signature technique, the solo exhibition comprises his famed emulation series, as well as new works from the “Stone Fairy” and “Nuwa” series. This not only initiates a brand-new narrative juxtaposing time and space, but also underpins a contemporary rendition of the classical literati spirit, inherited from the legacy of traditional ink painting and the practice of calligraphy.
As tens of thousands of nails are punctured through the canvas by a nail gun, the operation presents a nuanced debate of labor in the process of artistic production. This critical discussion is made possible by Chen’s use of industrial mechanics as his response to a classical Chinese aesthetics, breaking the original frameworks created by the historical works of ink art he emulated. Shadow and darkness enable a sequence of atmospheric grayscale imagery, while light travels through a thick cloud of nailheads. A dynamic picture of mountains and valleys spans across the canvas as the viewer’s line of vision changes.
Chen’s nail rendition of landscape is a natural reminder of the “dotted texturization with charred ink” technique developed by the late calligraphy master Chang Kuang-Bin. With the help of his personalized wrinkle method, Chen’s unique approach further provides a sense of depth on a two-dimensional surface. As Chen reinterprets classical paintings from a wide variety of styles and schools, he on the one hand appropriates, emulates, and recreates the originals, while on the other hand produces a dramatic suspense to subvert the initial narratives of the original works, by generating new meanings with his alternative readings.
Lady Jade Temple and Nuwa Temple, both completed in 2019, stand as the stylistic watershed of Chen’s career. As the first body of works not based on his emulation of previous masters, these distinct recent artworks were instead grounded on Chen’s enthusiasm for cycling and the richly ornated reliefs and decors often seen in the local temples that he encountered along his many trips around Taiwan. These experiences and encounters also became an opportunity for Chen to change gear from his long-time appropriation of prestigious historical Chinese paintings, to a close examination of the island where he resides. The prototype of the architecture in this new series came from the now 200-year-old Butian (or Nuwa) Temple of the Zhuangwei Township in Yilan County, as well as the Lady Jade Temple next to the Guandu Temple in Taipei.
As for the mystical works of Stone Fairy, The View South andStone Fairy, Deer at Rest, the two paintings depict monumental rock formations shrouded by clouds and mist —one dotted with banana leaves and the other featuring an auspicious deer — creating a transcendental atmosphere which evokes the land of the immortals. The texture of the rocks in these paintings is reminiscent of Taihu’s porous stone at first glance, but in fact Chen took inspiration from Yehliu’s unique landscape in the North Coast of Taiwan. By so doing, Chen demonstrates an intimate affinity with local Taiwanese culture.
In this sense, Meandering Toward the Clouds manifests Chen’s life journey and cultural identity that is fixated on the land he resides. Chen’s mosquito nail shanshui serves as his ultimate invitation for the viewer to tour a celestial mindscape which infuses new meanings into a traditional form.
Born 1971 in Nantou, Taiwan, Chen Chun-Hao received a master’s degree in plastic arts from the National Tainan University of the Arts (1998). Since 1997, Chen has experimented with the use of industrial materials in his work, such as thumbtacks. For the “Mosquito Nail Shan Shui” series, Chen carefully emulates landscape paintings found at the National Palace Museum, Taipei and abroad, by placing diminutive mosquito nails on canvas. After precise calculations, for his first completed piece, Early Spring for the Mosquito Nail (2010), Chen used a specially designed nail gun to place as many as 400,000 stainless steel mosquito nails on canvas. Enlarging the original Early Spring (1072), he then carefully replaced the ink of the scroll with the mosquito nails, which protrude about one centimeter from the canvas. Each nail punctures the surface of the canvas, at the same time conjuring a three-dimensionality that accentuates the work’s otherworldliness.
Chen Chun-Hao has participated in numerous exhibitions, including at the Today Art Museum, Beijing, China (2009), Taipei Fine Arts Museum, Taiwan (2001, 2006), Museum of Contemporary Art, Taipei, Taiwan (2005), and Headlands Center for the Arts in Sausalito, California, U.S. (2002). His solo exhibitions include Meandering Toward the Clouds, Tina Keng Gallery, Taipei (2020); Once Upon an Otherworldly Realm, Tina Keng Gallery, Taipei (2017); Reclaiming the Lost Territories, Tina Keng Gallery, Taipei (2014); Mosquito Nail Shan Shui, Tina Keng Gallery, Taipei (2011); The Way of Nailing, VT Artsalon, Taipei (2011); Maze, VT Artsalon, Taipei; and Aura Beyond, Taipei Fine Arts Museum, Taipei (2001).